# calculate

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**Arithmetic logic unit**— schematic symbol Cascadable 8 …112

**F-test**— An F test is any statistical test in which the test statistic has an F distribution if the null hypothesis is true. The name was coined by George W. Snedecor, in honour of Sir Ronald A. Fisher. Fisher initially developed the statistic as the… …113

**Radar cross section**— (RCS) is a measure of how detectable an object is with a radar. For example a stealth aircraft (which is designed to be undetectable) will have design features that give it a low RCS, as opposed to a passenger airliner that will have a high… …114

**Bond duration**— Financial markets Public market Exchange Securities Bond market Fixed income Corporate bond Government bond Municipal bond …115

**Montgomery reduction**— In arithmetic computation, Montgomery reduction is an algorithm introduced in 1985 by Peter Montgomery that allows modular arithmetic to be performed efficiently when the modulus is large (typically several hundred bits). A single application of… …116

**Monte Carlo methods in finance**— Monte Carlo methods are used in finance and mathematical finance to value and analyze (complex) instruments, portfolios and investments by simulating the various sources of uncertainty affecting their value, and then determining their average… …117

**Moscow Mathematical Papyrus**— Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow 14th problem of the Moscow Mathematical Papyrus (V. Struve, 1930) Date …118

**Ogden tables**— are a set of statistical tables and other information for use in court cases in the UK. Their purpose is to make it easier to calculate future losses in personal injury and fatal accident cases. The tables take into account life expectancy and… …119

**Bristol (UK Parliament constituency)**— UK former constituency infobox Name = Bristol Type = Borough Year = 1295 Abolition = 1885 members = twoBristol was a former two member constituency, used to elect members to the House of Commons in the Parliaments of England (to 1707), Great… …120

**Probability of default**— Basel II Bank for International Settlements Basel Accords Basel I Basel II Background Banking Monetary policy Central bank Risk …